Jordan K. Bailes, Lakesha M. Fountain


This presentation was given live via Zoom at 3:30 p.m. (Eastern Time) on Wednesday, April 22, 2020.

This project reflects research conducted as part of a course project designed to give students experience in the research process. Course: EDT 406 04



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Women in Malawi are faced with more challenges and pressures from society than their male counterparts. According to, Malawi has the eight highest child marriage rate in the world and is ranked 173 out of 188 on the Gender Inequality Index (GII). Due to these high rates of child marriage and inequality, young women are facing higher rates of gender based violence and teenage pregnancy. In Malawi, Determined to Develop is an NGO that works collaboratively with the Malawian community to identify needs and create solutions, primarily through a British-based education system. NGO’s in Africa often use their white, eurocentric culture to educate students through the NGO’s culture, often disregarding the students cultural capital and funds of knowledge. One of Determined to Develop’s main projects is a Girls Empowerment program that targets young women in the community and seeks to further develop them through activities and non-formal education designed to empower these women to advocate for themselves.Through a partnership with Determined to Develop (NGO), education programs can combine academic and activist voices to prepare young women as agents of change. This research seeks to develop agency and identity in young Malawian women through the Girls Empowerment Program by incorporating culturally responsive pedagogy into curriculum focusing on activism.

Publication Date


Project Designation

Course Project

Primary Advisor

Novea A. McIntosh

Primary Advisor's Department

Teacher Education


Stander Symposium project, School of Education and Health Sciences

United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

Reduced Inequalities; Quality Education