Stephanie Elaine Kozol


This presentation was given live at 12:30 p.m. (Eastern Time) on Thursday, April 22, 2021 via Zoom. A recording of the presentation is included below.



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There is research stating that children who have had Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), as described by Felitti et al. (1998), can develop significant relationships with music (Fairchild & Mraz, 2018; Stuart, 2018; Zanders, 2012). For children who have experienced ACEs, music can provide a medium for self-expression, an escape from reality, a way to process challenging events, and other coping mechanisms. Although music therapy clinical resources for this age group are scarce, it seems that music therapy has potential to increase quality of life for children ages 8-12 affected by ACEs. Through interviews with three music therapists, considerations for best music therapy practices with this clientele are described with particular consideration given to salient treatment themes. This study provides resources that can improve the quality of music therapy as trauma treatment for children who have had ACEs, as well as equip current and future clinicians with insights and perspectives to advocate for expanded music therapy services for children with ACEs.

Publication Date


Project Designation

Independent Research

Primary Advisor

Joy M. Willenbrink-Conte

Primary Advisor's Department



Stander Symposium project, College of Arts and Sciences

United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

Good Health and Well-Being; Reduced Inequalities

Music Therapy Approaches and Methods with Children Ages 8-12 Who Have Had Adverse Childhood Experiences