Elizabeth Renee Staley



Download Project (309 KB)


Children born with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) and In Utero Drug Exposure (IUDE) may experience delays that can impact cognition, motor skills, speech and language, attention and behavior development. Further, children born with NAS are more likely to be referred for evaluation and subsequently qualify for special education when compared with non-exposed peers. This quantitative study involved an evaluation of existing visual motor and receptive/expressive language data from birth to 24 months for 106 children born with NAS and IUDE. Results indicated that these children had significant deficits in visual motor scores and receptive and expressive language scores. Significant differences in visual motor and language scores were found between the NAS & IUDE and IUDE only groups. Children in the IUDE only groups had lower scores on visual motor and language assessments; the IUDE only group demonstrated a significant positive rate of change.

Publication Date


Project Designation

Graduate Research

Primary Advisor

Susan C. Davies, Sawyer A. Hunley

Primary Advisor's Department

Counselor Education


Stander Symposium project, School of Education and Health Sciences

United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

Reduced Inequalities

Persistent Developmental Delays in Children Born with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome and In Utero Drug Exposure