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Perfectionism has been predominantly studied from a clinical perspective, and has only more recently been studied from a normative perspective. Luyckx et al. (2008) studied how personality differences in two facets of perfectionism'adaptive (striving for improvement) and maladaptive (striving for perfect performance)'relate to identity formation and well-being. However, no research has tested adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism experimentally to show how these two facets of perfectionism effect task performance, task motivation, and the subjective experience of the task. In the current study, 150 University of Dayton participants were surveyed for personality characteristics relating to perfectionism and motivation and were then randomly assigned to two creativity-task conditions, one eliciting a motivation for adaptive perfectionism and another for maladaptive perfectionism. Results show how adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism influence performance, motivation, and experience'and then relative to personality differences in perfectionism and related forms of motivation.

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Project Designation

Graduate Research

Primary Advisor

John J. Bauer

Primary Advisor's Department



Stander Symposium poster

Perfectionism: Good, Bad, or Growth?