Police-Citizen Encounters: The Influence of Behavioral and Locational Factors on the Outcome
Amelia Saucier, Lillia Allen
Police use of force is subject to many influential factors that affect the likelihood of occurrence. Many studies have been conducted with the aim to determine what factors affect police use of force. Prior studies have attempted to outline why there has been a recent increase in use of force incidents with a particular focus on race (Miller, 2015). The current study aims to determine what overall factors present in police-citizen encounters increase or decrease the likelihood that a use of force incident will occur prior to an arrest, using the data collected in the 1994 Phoenix Use of Force Project. The dependent variable of how police respond to a suspect, will be compared to twelve independent variables to determine which is most influential to the outcome of an encounter. The results concluded that the independent variables of Suspect Resistance, Suspect Sex, and Suspect Impairment were statistically significant in determining when a use of force incident will occur.
Primary Advisor's Department
Criminal Justice and Security Studies
Stander Symposium, College of Arts and Sciences
Institutional Learning Goals
"Police-Citizen Encounters: The Influence of Behavioral and Locational Factors on the Outcome" (2023). Stander Symposium Projects. 3013.