Subathra Rajendran


Presentation: 1:15-2:30 p.m., Kennedy Union Ballroom



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Energy storage is an essential component of the transition to renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power, which are intermittent and dependent on weather conditions. Energy storage systems can help balance the supply and demand of energy and provide backup power during peak demand.However, traditional energy storage technologies, such as lithium-ion batteries, face several challenges, including limited availability of raw materials, high cost, and safety concerns. Sodium-ion batteries are emerging as a promising alternative to lithium-ion batteries, with several potential advantages.One major challenge with lithium-ion batteries is the limited availability of raw materials, such as cobalt and lithium, which are concentrated in a few countries. In contrast, sodium is abundant and widely available, making sodium-ion batteries a more sustainable and scalable option.Another advantage of sodium-ion batteries is their lower cost. Sodium-ion batteries use lower-cost materials than lithium-ion batteries, and the manufacturing process is simpler, which could lead to lower production costs.Sodium-ion batteries have a lower risk of fire or explosion than lithium-ion batteries. This is because sodium-ion batteries use a solid electrolyte instead of a flammable liquid electrolyte, which can reduce the risk of thermal runaway and improve safety.

Publication Date


Project Designation

Independent Research

Primary Advisor

Kevin Hallinan

Primary Advisor's Department

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering


Stander Symposium, School of Engineering

Institutional Learning Goals

Critical Evaluation of Our Times; Scholarship; Community

Powering the Future with Sodium Ion Batteries: “A Sustainable and Cost-Effective Energy Storage Solution