Exploring the Role of Social Support in Juvenile Recidivism.

Exploring the Role of Social Support in Juvenile Recidivism.



Jose Yeriel Antonio Urena, Caroline E. Majors


Presentation: 2:00-2:20, Marianist Hall Learning Space 218



There is existing research that supports the idea of social supports acting as a criminal deterrent. Therefore, the current research project took a sample from the Pathways to Desistance research study of 1354 juvenile offenders, ages 14-18, and created a negative binomial regression to study the participants’ self-reported offending as they are associated with other factors. The current research in Model 1 is studying whether familial or non-familial social support, and the depth of those supports, has an impact on the frequency of offending in the past year. Furthermore, the research in Model 2 is looking at the models of social support in addition to demographic factors and peer influence to see if there was an impact on frequency of offending. Models 1 and 2 were both included in separate tables for each dependent variable, one for the frequency of offending including drug offenses, and one for frequency of offending excluding drug offenses. The results of Model 1 show that more non-familial social support was associated with higher amounts of offending. The results also showed that depth of social support exhibited a significant negative correlation, indicating that greater support depth, or the depth of support a caring adult gave to the participant, was associated with lower offending frequency. In Model 2, antisocial behavior from peers demonstrated a highly significant positive correlation with offending. Antisocial influence from peers showed a positive correlation associated with offending including drug crimes, and a negative correlation with offending excluding drug crimes, but both without statistical significance. Demographically, higher ages were associated with higher offending frequency, the female gender was associated with lower offending frequency, and ethnicity was found statistically insignificant. These findings suggest nuanced relationships between social support, demographic factors, peer delinquency, and offending behavior, emphasizing the multifaceted nature of this phenomenon.

Publication Date


Project Designation

Capstone Project

Primary Advisor

Mark A. Morgan

Primary Advisor's Department

Criminal Justice and Security Studies


Stander Symposium, College of Arts and Sciences

Institutional Learning Goals


Exploring the Role of Social Support in Juvenile Recidivism.