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According to the United Nations website, one out of 5 people rely on getting their protein from fish. Based on this fact, the fate of aquaculture in terms of overfishing could be devastating. Unfortunately, the overview of the United Nations Oceans and Law of the Sea does not explicitly detail the need for sustaining biodiversity within each State’s respective boundaries. Rather, it focuses on the ability of each State to control the usage of their waters’ resources and marine life. The most recent meeting on the Law of the Sea was dedicated to the determining the means by which are to be taken to solve international issues over water border issues and extraction of resources from other waters. There will be more violent disputes in the future if the issue of sustaining biodiversity of marine life is not addressed on a more international scale. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, just under three fourths of the world’s species are either fully exploited or depleted by legal and illegal fisheries. The United States and Ireland both require fisheries to submit how their practices will be affecting the ecosystems and environments. Taking this self-evaluation to the next level of implementing better controlled fishing techniques and monitoring (ex: biodegradable gear; selective fishing; regulated quotas), will allow for biodiversity to balance itself once again. Fisheries may be receiving much gain in the short term, but they fail to recognize the possible long term failure of aquaculture. I would like to do a comparative study between different fisheries and how much of international law has been implemented within these different cases. I would like to focus on different types of waters (such as, closed off—like gulfs; shared waters; and high traffic straights; etc.) and what can be done to further implement protection laws and rebuild marine biodiversity.
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Hammonds, Reine-Marie, "Research exercise: Overfishing: Don't Get Reeled Into the Lies" (2014). Stander Symposium Posters. 491.
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