Bobby Powell



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The infant nation state of Timor Leste has faced many roadblocks in their short history of sovereignty, and the introduction of higher efficiency wood burning stoves can help reverse these trends. Timorese satisfy 95% of their energy needs by burning wood in personal stoves and generators, a trend that is leading to high rates of air pollution related health conditions and rapid deforestation. High efficiency stoves can reduce family energy costs by 40%, while greatly limiting carbon emissions in the home and dense urban areas. The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) has taken up the challenge of implementing these stoves in developing countries, but further research and funding is still needed to pull developmentally struggling nations up to a global standard. This study examines the impact of this program and the potential problems and benefits of implementation in Timor-Leste.

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Anthony Talbott

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Political Science


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Arts and Humanities | Business | Education | Engineering | Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Physical Sciences and Mathematics | Social and Behavioral Sciences

Research exercise: United Nations Reform: Inefficiencies of the Responsibility to Protect