Abdullah Almandeel, Anas M. Alwatban, Shanthan Reddy Kakulavaram, Daniel J. Kelley


This poster reflects research conducted as part of a course project designed to give students experience in the research process.



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In an energy conscious society, all methods of saving or conserving energy become important. One such way is through recycling. The energy saved by recycling a single glass bottle could be used to light a 100-watt light bulb for four hours, power a computer for half an hour, or a television for 20 minutes. Ohio sends approximately 90% of consumed glass containers to the landfill. There is tremendous room for improvement for glass recycling. This research focuses on how to increase the glass recovery from consumer to recycling facilities by addressing the social, economical, political, and logistical aspects associated with glass recovery. Social factors that influence likelihood to recycle are investigated through a literature review. The container deposit law that a small number of states employ will be quantified through statistics and compared to Ohio’s statistics. The logistics of recycling availability for Ohioans will be assessed and displayed. The economics of incentive programs and the impacts of an increase in glass recovery will be quantified through a cost savings analysis. An integrated plan of these four aspects will be provided. The results will show what the estimated potential percentage participation increase could be by implementing this proposed plan. The paper will conclude with the impacts of various levels of participation and how much energy savings will increase.

Publication Date


Project Designation

Course Project

Primary Advisor

Jun-Ki Choi

Primary Advisor's Department

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering


Stander Symposium poster


Arts and Humanities | Business | Education | Engineering | Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Physical Sciences and Mathematics | Social and Behavioral Sciences

Research exercise: Glass Recovery is Half the Battle