Lauren E. Hurd



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Previous research suggests that there exist both risk and protective mechanisms for the relationship between internalizing problems and alcohol use outcomes. The present study aims to determine whether deviant peer affiliations and risk aversion are two protective mediating mechanisms of this relationship. A risk mechanism of high negative emotionality, consistent with the tension reduction hypothesis, will also be investigated. For exploratory purposes, the mediators will be tested on three separate alcohol use outcomes: frequency of use, frequency of heavy use, and problematic use. Data from age cohorts 9, 12, and 15 (N=2,339) of the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods’ (PHDCN) Longitudinal Cohort Study will be utilized. This study collected data in three waves, each occurring approximately two years apart. Internalizing disorders will be measured by the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) from the first wave of data collection. The Emotionality, Activity, Sociability, and Impulsivity (EASI) Temperament Survey from wave one, and the Deviance of Peers questionnaire from wave two will be used to assess the mediators. Lastly, the participants’ alcohol use outcomes will be determined from substance use interviews conducted during wave three of data collection. To assess the hypothesized mechanisms, the bootstrapping procedure with multiple mediators will be utilized.

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Graduate Research

Primary Advisor

Jackson A. Goodnight

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Risk and Resilience: A Prospective Analysis of the Complex Effects of Internalizing Problems on Alcohol Use in Adolescence