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For the longitudinal dynamics of a fixed wing aircraft with rigid frame, a Proportional-Integral (PI) controller for controlling the forward velocity of the aircraft and a gain-scheduled Proportional-Integral-Differential (PID) like controller, with the forward velocity used as the scheduling variable, for controlling the flight path angle of the aircraft are designed. For a set of working PI gains, previously found through an experienced-based design, derivation and tuning of PID gains for a select number of forward velocities is computationally achieved through the use of a stable Adaptive Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm. Several performance measures, normalized so as to suppress differences in scale, are aggregated into the designed cost function.

Publication Date


Project Designation

Graduate Research

Primary Advisor

Raul E Ordonez

Primary Advisor's Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering


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Adaptive Particle Swarm Optimization Applied to Aircraft Control