Max D Sullivan



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During the collegiate years, some men engage in high-risk behaviors and adopt detrimental attitudes, which can be dangerous to not only their own personal development, but also the development of their peers. There is a strong correlation between these behaviors and attitudes, and the ideals of masculine hegemony (Wagner, 2015). In addition, college men are more likely to be the perpetrators of most forms of violence and commit violations of campus policies when compared to their female counterparts (Edwards & Jones, 2009). College men interviewed in the study identified external expectations influencing them to act tough and demonstrate other traits of hyper masculine hegemony. It can be argued that some of these men may gain their masculine related beliefs, values, and behaviors from each other, demonstrating the power of socialization (Harris & Struve, 2009). The experiences of these men illustrate that they want to learn how to be a man, but do not necessarily have a safe space and/or lack the support to craft their definition masculinity. Therefore, many college men are not receiving this support and types of support have not fully been explored. This quantitative study gathered data from over 60 college sophomore men to better understand their perceptions and expression of masculinity. The data is then utilized to provide professionals with recommendations for practice.

Publication Date


Project Designation

Graduate Research

Primary Advisor

Nasser Razek

Primary Advisor's Department

Counselor Education and Human Services


Stander Symposium project, student affairs, School of Education and Health Sciences

The SophoMORE You Know: Socialization and Peer Influences on Masculine Expression