Tyrone L Spencer Ii


This poster reflects research conducted as part of a course project designed to give students experience in the research process.



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Transitioning to college can be tough. Students must adjust to new routines, environments, and academics. However, one of the most important aspects of the college transition is the adjustment to the social issues and development that occurs on college campuses. While many students transition through their own stages of social development and process social issues differently, this process can be difficult for students of diverse backgrounds at predominantly white institutions. These students may have to process racism and discrimination from a multitude of systems at their university. This is where transition bridge programs can be effective. These programs can assist students’ social development in creating a dialogue with other students who may understand racism or discrimination. However, bridge programs have shown that while academics are improved, social development is often left behind. Through personal interviews, I received insight from students about their summer bridge experience. Some students stated that they would like to see more of an emphasis on social development, while others stated that their bridge program did adequately prepare them socially. The findings indicate that how students are prepared socially through bridge programs is dependent on the individual student’s experience.

Publication Date


Project Designation

Course Project - Graduate

Primary Advisor

Savio D. Franco

Primary Advisor's Department

Counselor Education and Human Services


Stander Symposium project, student affairs, School of Education and Health Sciences

The Influence of Summer Bridge Programs on Student Social Development