Document Type



The student revolt of the 1960s was instrumental in the change of the relationship between students and institutions of higher education. The traditional institutional philosophy of in loco parentis was transformed into the reality that students are individuals who possess constitutional rights that are to be respected. While the justification for the development of student rights is found in the constitutional areas of due process, equal protection, and the freedoms of speech, assembly and religion, the recognition of student rights in the area of search and seizure has been minimal. This article will explore the development of the law relating to search and seizure and its effect on students in higher education. It is hoped that the article will be of assistance to practicing college and university counsel, administrators and trustees. With that emphasis in mind, it will attempt to show the administrative implications for university officials associated with this legal issue.


Steven R. Ripps, Professor of Law, University of Toledo. B.S., Michigan State University, 1960; J.D., Seton Hall University, 1965; M.Ed. (Higher Education), University of Toledo, 1977; Ph.D. Candidate (Higher Education), University of Toledo. The author gratefully acknowledges the research assistance of Michael Mowery, University of Toledo School of Law.

Publication Date


Included in

Law Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.