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Valerie Flugge is an Adjunct Professor of Business Law at California State University, Northridge. J.D., Order of the Coif, University of Southern California Gould School of Law; B.S., Business Administration, University of South Dakota.

Nanci K. Carr is an Assistant Professor of Business Law and the Carande Family Faculty Fellow at California State University, Northridge. J.D., cum laude, Southwestern Law School; B.S., Business Administration, Ball State University.

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