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Contents: Introduction, statutory analysis, case law analysis (“no-exception” statutes, “equivalency” statutes, “explicit” statutes), summary and conclusions.


James W. Tobak: Assistant Professor of Law, College of Business and Economics, Lehigh University; B.A.,1968. Lehigh University; M.A., 1972, Stanford University; J.D., 1972, Stanford University.

Perry A. Zirkel: Dean and Professor, School of Education, Lehigh University; B.A., 1966, State University of New York at Oswego; M.A., 1968, University of Connecticut; Ph.D., 1972, University of Connecticut; J.D., 1976, University of Connecticut.

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