Honors Theses


Shawn Swavey



Publication Date

Spring 4-2014

Document Type

Honors Thesis


A new naphtylbiliverdin compound has been synthesized which offers intense absorption with the photodynamic therapy window (600 nm – 850 nm). The compound has been characterized by proton NMR, high resolution electrospray mass spectrometry, elemental analysis, and UV/vis spectroscopy. Coordination of four ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes was accomplished by standard procedures. The new tetra-ruthenated naphthylbiliverdin was characterized by elemental analysis. Cyclic voltammetry measurements reveal that all four ruthenium moieties are coordinated to the pyridyl groups of the biliverdin compound. The intense metal to ligand charge transfer (MLCT) bands of the peripheral ruthenium groups overshadow the absorption due to the biliverdin compound; therefore, spectroelectrochemical studies were conducted to show that the low energy absorption of the naphthylbiliverdin compound is unaffected by coordination to the ruthenium groups. DNA photocleavage studies were performed by irradiating samples containing plasmid DNA and the ruthenated compound, filtering out high energy light. Gel electrophoresis studies indicate that the compound is capable of photonicking the plasmid DNA when irradiated with light.

Permission Statement

This item is protected by copyright law (Title 17, U.S. Code) and may only be used for noncommercial, educational, and scholarly purposes.


Undergraduate research


Chemistry | Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Included in

Chemistry Commons