Music therapy is a clinical practice wherein music is used in the context of a therapeutic relationship to address client needs relating to their physical, emotional, cognitive, social, and spiritual health and wellbeing. Two contrasting approaches to music therapy treatment have been identified by Bruscia (2014) as outcome-oriented and experience-oriented. Both approaches provide opportunities for clients to reach their health-related goals, but the planning and implementation of therapy is different from each approach. The purpose of this project was to examine how these two orientations are represented in the professional literature related to autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This paper includes a description of music therapy practice, a description of ASD and how music therapy has been employed with individuals diagnosed with ASD, and a review of the literature on how music therapy is currently carried out with individuals diagnosed with ASD.
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Gibson, Sally M., "A Comparison of Music Therapy Apporaches Utilized with Persons Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)" (2022). Honors Theses. 353.