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Gender roles normalize thinking patterns, behaviors, actions, and attitudes. The workplace is not immune to their influence. Gender roles make certain labor invisible, either because it does not typically fit with the expectations of a determined gender group, or because it is deemed normal and therefore expected.

This report condenses the narratives of 11 non-exempt women administrative assistants at the University of Dayton in reference to how vocation, belonging, and courage are affected by gender. Based on the responses, the report proposes several approaches to equity, which is defined as the modifying of structures and practices that have intentionally or unintentionally advantaged or disadvantaged groups of people.

This report proposes equity as a process that provides visibility, voice, support, advancement guidance, and the right tools and spaces for administrative assistants to interact as peers.


gender, vocation, belonging, administrative, university staff


Higher Education Administration | Human Resources Management | Women's Studies


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