Title

Streamwise Vorticity in Simple Mechanical Flapping Wings

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-2007

Publication Source

Journal of Aircraft

Abstract

The presence of streamwise vorticity in the vicinity of the wing tip contributes to lift in thin flat plate zero pitch angle flapping wings in quiescent air. In creating flapping wing micro air vehicles it is desirable to maintain only the mechanical and kinematic complexity absolutely necessary to artificially duplicate flapping wing flight. This study quantifies the lift generated from a flapping motion of absolute minimum complexity thought to be capable of generating lift. Using a flapping wing micro air vehicle with wings fabricated in-house, streamwise vortices were identified along the span of wings of various aspect ratios and at numerous different points throughout the flapping cycle under a variety of operating conditions. The lift generated by the flapping mechanism was quantified experimentally using a force transducer and a high speed camera. Digital particle image velocimetry was used to determine the contributions of streamwise vorticity to the total measured lift. Further evidence was found of the importance of the relationship between wing span and flapping frequency in the nature of the formation and shedding of vortices.

Inclusive pages

1588-1597

ISBN/ISSN

0021-8669

Comments

Permission documentation is on file.

Publisher

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

Volume

44

Issue

5

Peer Reviewed

yes