Title

Lift from Spanwise Flow in Simple Flapping Wings

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-2008

Publication Source

Journal of Aircraft

Abstract

Spanwise flow contributes to lift in thin flat-plate zero-pitch-angle flapping wings in quiescent air. It is reasonable to maintain only the, kinematics and mechanical complexity absolutely necessary in developing flapping-wing micro air vehicles. This study continues the quantification of the lift generated from a flapping motion of absolute minimum complexity thought to be capable of generating lift. A flapping-wing micro air vehicle with rectangular planform wings fabricated in-house (semispan aspect ratios from 13 to 4.0) was used,to quantify the contributions to lift from flow along the span of wings at numerous points throughout the flapping cycle under a variety of operating conditions (3-6 Hz and Reynolds numbers of 6000-15,000). These experiments were performed for several aspect ratios for flat-plate and spanwise-cambered wings. The lift force was quantified experimentally using a force transducer and a high-speed camera. Digital particle image velocimetry was used to determine the lift contributions of spanwise flow to the total measured lift. Additionally, the presence of spanwise camber was shown to affect the transient lift behavior.

Inclusive pages

1206-1216

ISBN/ISSN

0021-8669

Comments

Permission documentation is on file.

Publisher

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

Volume

45

Issue

4

Peer Reviewed

yes