Title

Micro-Scale Electrohydrodynamic Pumped High Performance Actuation

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-2000

Publication Source

Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures

Abstract

A new type of actuation device has been conceptualized that meets the needs of both large displacement force and bandwidth within a package more compact than the currently available magnetostrictive and stack-type piezoelectric actuators of similar rating. This concept relies on micro-scale electrohydrodynamic (EHD) pumping of a dielectric liquid within small channels. Configured as an actuator, the EHD pump(s) would be used to move fluid between two reservoirs—each having a compliant membrane that interfaces to the world to provide the means to achieve vibration cancellation or micro actuation.

Ordinarily limited to generating flow in macroscale applications, the EHD pump, when operating in a thermal induction mode, is shown to exhibit an exciting scaling law as its size is reduced. As the pump volume to surface area decreases, the energy going toward increasing pressure in the pump has an increasingly larger effect. Since the volume/surface area is proportional to 1/a, where a is the characteristic width or diameter of the channels comprising the pump, the pressure head generated scales similarly. Analytical and numerical studies have shown the EHD-pumped actuator to be capable of delivering equal force and bandwidth to magnetostrictive and stack-type piezo actuators, but with considerably greater displacement and a smaller size. Further, this type of actuator offers the possibility for deployment in active vibration control or micro actuation applications at significantly greater temperatures than for piezoelectric and magnetostrictive devices.

Inclusive pages

343-350

ISBN/ISSN

1045-389X

Comments

Permission documentation is on file.

Publisher

Sage

Volume

11

Issue

5

Peer Reviewed

yes