Effects of the Liquid Polarity and the Wall Slip on the Heat and Mass Transport Characteristics of the Micro-Scale Evaporating Transition Film

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International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer


A mathematical model is developed to describe the micro-/nano-scale fluid flow and heat/mass transfer phenomena in an evaporating extended meniscus, focusing on the transition film region under non-isothermal interfacial conditions. The model incorporates polarity contributions to the working fluid field, a slip boundary condition on the solid wall, and thermocapillary stresses at the liquid–vapor interface. Two different disjoining pressure models, one polar and one non-polar, are considered for water as the working fluid so that the effect of polar interactions between the working fluid and solid surface can be exclusively examined on heat and mass transfer from the thin film. The polar effect is examined for the thin film established in a 20-μm diameter capillary pore. The effect of the slip boundary condition is separately examined for the thin film developed in a two-dimensional 20-μm slotted pore. The analytical results show that for a polar liquid, the transition region of the evaporating meniscus is longer than that of a non-polar liquid. In addition, the strong polar attraction with the solid wall acts to lower the evaporative heat transfer flux. The slip boundary condition, on the other hand, increases evaporative heat and mass flux and lowers the liquid pressure gradients and viscous drag at the wall. The slip effect shows a more pronounced enhancement as superheat increases. Another thing to note is that the slip effect of elongating the transition region can counteract the thermocapillary action of reducing the region and a potential delay of thermocapillary driven instability onset may be anticipated.

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