(1875-1912) Samuel Coleridge-Taylor was a composer and conductor trained and educated in England and lived in England all his life. He was exposed to Black culture through readings, research, and attending the annual London concerts of the Fisk Jubilee Singers. He was referred to by white New York musicians as the "African Mahler" when he toured the United States in the early 1900s. Entering the Royal College of Music at the age of 15, he was originally a violin major and piano minor, switching to composition and studying under Charles Villers Stanford. He became friends with Paul Laurence Dunbar when Dunbar visited England.
Dunbar, Paul Laurence and Coleridge-Taylor, Samuel, "Dream Lovers" (2017). Dunbar Music Archive. 358.