(1875-1912) Samuel Coleridge-Taylor was a composer and conductor trained and educated in England and lived in England all his life. He was exposed to black cultures through readings, research, and attending the annual London concerts of the Fisk Jubilee Singers. He was referred to by white, New York musicians as the "African Mahler" when he toured the U.S. in the early 1900s. He attended the Royal College of Music at the age of 15 and was originally a violin major and piano minor before switching to composition and studying under Charles Villers Stanford. He became friends with Dunbar when Dunbar visited England.
Dunbar, Paul Laurence and Coleridge-Taylor, Samuel, "Dream Lovers" (2017). Dunbar Music Archive. 358.