The spatial sampling rate of an imaging system is determined by the spacing of the detectors in the focal plane array (FPA). The spatial frequencies present in the image on the focal plane are band-limited by the optics. This is due to diffraction through a finite aperture. To guarantee that there will be no aliasing during image acquisiton, the Nyquist criterion dictates that the sampling rate must be greater than twice the cut-off frequency of the optics. However, optical designs involve a number of trade-offs and typical imaging systems are designed with some level of aliasing. We will refer to such systems as detector limited, as opposed to optically limited. Furthermore, with or without aliasing, imaging systems invariably suffer from diffraction blur, optical abberations, and noise. Multiframe super-resolution (SR) processing has proven to be successful in reducing aliasing and enhancing the resolution of images from detector limited imaging systems.
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Hardie, Russell C., "Super-resolution Using Adaptive Wiener Filters" (2010). Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications. 77.