Title

Essentialist and Existentialist: Two Visions of Authenticity

Date of Award

1-1-2018

Degree Name

M.A. in Psychology

Department

Department of Psychology

Advisor/Chair

Advisor: Jack J. Bauer

Abstract

The present study aims to examine two conceptions of what it means to live authentically. Research in psychology suggests a divide between essentialist and existentialist perspectives of what it means to be authentic. The present studies find support for this two-factor model of authenticity, with a newly designed measure finding a two-factor structure as well as convergent and discriminant validity. An essentialist perspective of authenticity, or the belief that the "true self" is indelible and must be discovered, is based on different conceptions of the self than an existentialist perspective of authenticity, in which one chooses who they wish to be after critical examination. In previous literature, authenticity has been considered a significant predictor of maturity, prosocial behavior, and well-being. This new measure will help further understanding of how authenticity predicts positive outcomes, and which beliefs promote human flourishing.

Keywords

Psychology, Social Psychology, Authenticity, Existentialism, Authenticity Scale, Essentialism, Well-Being

Rights Statement

Copyright 2018, author

Share

COinS