Growth Hormone/IGF-I and/or Resistive Exercise Maintains Myonuclear Number in Hindlimb Unweighted Muscles
Journal of Applied Physiology
In the present study of rats, we examined the role, during 2 wk of hindlimb suspension, of growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor I (GH/IGF-I) administration and/or brief bouts of resistance exercise in ameliorating the loss of myonuclei in fibers of the soleus muscle that express type I myosin heavy chain. Hindlimb suspension resulted in a significant decrease in mean soleus wet weight that was attenuated either by exercise alone or by exercise plus GH/IGF-I treatment but was not attenuated by hormonal treatment alone. Both mean myonuclear number and mean fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) of fibers expressing type I myosin heavy chain decreased after 2 wk of suspension compared with control (134 vs. 162 myonuclei/mm and 917 vs. 2,076 μm2, respectively). Neither GH/IGF-I treatment nor exercise alone affected myonuclear number or fiber CSA, but the combination of exercise and growth-factor treatment attenuated the decrease in both variables. A significant correlation was found between mean myonuclear number and mean CSA across all groups. Thus GH/IGF-I administration and brief bouts of muscle loading had an interactive effect in attenuating the loss of myonuclei induced by chronic unloading.
Copyright © 1997, American Physiological Society
American Physiological Society
Allen, David L.; Linderman, Jon K.; Roy, Roland R.; Grindeland, Richard E.; Mukku, Venkat R.; and Edgerton, V. R., "Growth Hormone/IGF-I and/or Resistive Exercise Maintains Myonuclear Number in Hindlimb Unweighted Muscles" (1997). Health and Sport Science Faculty Publications. 88.