Lift from Spanwise Flow in Simple Flapping Wings
Journal of Aircraft
Spanwise flow contributes to lift in thin flat-plate zero-pitch-angle flapping wings in quiescent air. It is reasonable to maintain only the, kinematics and mechanical complexity absolutely necessary in developing flapping-wing micro air vehicles. This study continues the quantification of the lift generated from a flapping motion of absolute minimum complexity thought to be capable of generating lift. A flapping-wing micro air vehicle with rectangular planform wings fabricated in-house (semispan aspect ratios from 13 to 4.0) was used,to quantify the contributions to lift from flow along the span of wings at numerous points throughout the flapping cycle under a variety of operating conditions (3-6 Hz and Reynolds numbers of 6000-15,000). These experiments were performed for several aspect ratios for flat-plate and spanwise-cambered wings. The lift force was quantified experimentally using a force transducer and a high-speed camera. Digital particle image velocimetry was used to determine the lift contributions of spanwise flow to the total measured lift. Additionally, the presence of spanwise camber was shown to affect the transient lift behavior.
Copyright © 2008, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Hong, Young Sun and Altman, Aaron, "Lift from Spanwise Flow in Simple Flapping Wings" (2008). Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications. 126.