Document Type

Conference Paper

Publication Date


Publication Source

ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Multibody Dynamics


This study explored the influence of three model calibration methods on predicted knee contact and leg muscle forces during walking. Static optimization was used to calculate muscle activations for all three methods. Approach A used muscle-tendon model parameter values (i.e., optimal muscle fiber lengths and tendon slack lengths) taken directly from literature. Approach B used a simple algorithm to calibrate muscle-tendon model parameter values such that each muscle operated within the ascending region of its normalized force-length curve. Approach C used a novel two-level optimization procedure to calibrate muscle-tendon, moment arm, and neural control model parameter values while simultaneously predicting muscle activations.

Document Version

Published Version


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ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Multibody Dynamics

Place of Publication

Barcelona, Spain

Peer Reviewed