Yi Liu



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Few studies have examined Racial/Ethnic (R/E) Identity in early childhood. The current study utilizes a novel approach to measuring this construct and, further, investigates whether R/E Identity is related to cross-race acceptance. African American and White kindergarten children were asked to rate the quality of 4 female and 4 male singers, each of whom is depicted on a video clip. Among the 8 video clips are 2 pairs of female singers and 2 pairs of male singers. Within each pair of same-sex singers, one is Black and the other is White. The same sound track is used for each pair. Differences in the ratings of African American and White singers could represent young children’s R/E Identity, which is compared across African American and White children. It was hypothesized that R/E Identity would either be positively related, or not at all related, to cross-race inclusion. The latter is measured by a modified version of the Cross-Race Inclusion Task developed by Blackwell and Katsuyama (2012).

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Honors Thesis

Primary Advisor

Ronald M. Katsuyama

Primary Advisor's Department



Stander Symposium project


Arts and Humanities | Business | Education | Engineering | Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Physical Sciences and Mathematics | Social and Behavioral Sciences

Are Young Children’s Music Preferences Associated with the Singer’s Race?