Microbial transformation of natural products is a well established model for mammalian metabolism. Salvinorin A, a diterpenoid isolated from the hallucinogenic mint Salvia divinorum Epling & Játiva-M (Lamiaceae), is a potent non-nitrogenous κ-opioid receptor agonist. The metabolism of salvinorin A has still not yet been well established. Thirty fungal species were screened for the ability to metabolize salvinorin A. We observed that salvinorin A undergoes fast hydrolysis of the acetate group at carbon atom C2, resulting in formation of the pharmacologically inactive product, salvinorin B. Ex vivo experiments were also performed using organelle fractions isolated from rat liver and brain. Crude tissue homogenate and individual organelles show that the primary route of salvinorin A metabolism is hydrolysis to salvinorin B. No metabolic transformation of salvinorin B was observed in these studies.
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Taylor & Francis
Kutrzeba, Lukasz M.; Karamyan, Vardan T.; Speth, Robert C.; Williamson, John S.; and Zjawiony, Jordan K., "In vitro Studies on Metabolism of Salvinorin A" (2009). Office for Research Publications and Presentations. 31.