Creating Inviting School Cultures During COVID-19: The Role of the Principal

Document Type

Conference Paper

Publication Date



Educational Leadership


This qualitative study used Purkey and Novack’s (1988) Invitational Education as a conceptual framework to understand how 30 educational leaders created intentionally inviting school cultures during the COVID-19 pandemic. The sample consisted of 30 school leaders in Ohio’s urban and suburban districts. Findings indicated that leaders altered their leadership styles to focus on people rather than programs and policies in order to be more inviting. Challenges pertained to insufficient funding to provide professional development for teachers and parents and the need for more mobile devices and connectivity. This study is significant because it expands the invitational education framework to show how leaders are intentionally inviting in times of crisis.


Crisis, intentionally inviting, invitational leadership, leadership, PK-12, school culture


Education | Educational Administration and Supervision | Educational Leadership | Online and Distance Education | Urban Education


Presentation: 10:40 a.m. Friday, April 23, 2021

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