Spain' s contribution to European culture can best be defined as "disproportionate," combining periods of great cultural achievements with centuries of intellectual stagnation. In the period extending from 1500 (La Celestina) to the middle of the seventeenth century (Velazquez, Quevedo, Calderón) Spain produced numerous works of excellence in literature, painting, architecture, theology, mysticism, asceticism, etc. However, by the second half of the seventeenth century Spanish intellectual life began a period characterized by a complete lack of creativity in nearly all aspects of culture. This period lasted until the beginning of the twentieth century, when Spain began a new and successful period of intellectual revival interrupted only by the events of the Spanish Civil War.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.