Spain' s contribution to European culture can best be defined as "disproportionate," combining periods of great cultural achievements with centuries of intellectual stagnation. In the period extending from 1500 (La Celestina) to the middle of the seventeenth century (Velazquez, Quevedo, Calderón) Spain produced numerous works of excellence in literature, painting, architecture, theology, mysticism, asceticism, etc. However, by the second half of the seventeenth century Spanish intellectual life began a period characterized by a complete lack of creativity in nearly all aspects of culture. This period lasted until the beginning of the twentieth century, when Spain began a new and successful period of intellectual revival interrupted only by the events of the Spanish Civil War.
"The Religious Theme in Twentieth Century Spanish Thought: Unamuno, Ortega, Zubiri,"
University of Dayton Review: Vol. 13:
3, Article 3.
Available at: https://ecommons.udayton.edu/udr/vol13/iss3/3