Primero Sueño, as we know, is the description of a dream, during which a magical vision takes place, a vision that entails a no less magical and supernatural trip through the Cosmos, up towards the remote celestial spheres, towards the heart of matter, of Being, of Wisdom. It is in many ways an original poem, much more spiritual and philosophical than, for instance, Góngora's Soledades. Góngora is the poet of the senses, of sensuality; Sor Juana sings of the soul, a soul liberated from the body, flying upwards like a lark in quest of knowledge and wisdom. Yet even such a personal and original statement as Primero sueño belongs to a tradition and should be properly understood only as a partially new restatement of such a tradition.



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