1973 marks the turning point for Heinrich Böll in the Soviet Union. Up to then he was considered a member of the nomenklatura (the political and cultural elite) whose major works had been translated into Russian and into at least 15 languages of the other Soviet Republics in editions of about three million copies.


This article was read originally during a special session on Böll's work at the annual meeting of the Modern Language Association of America, held in New York in December 1983. The news of Heinrich Boll's death (July 16, 1985) came just as this special issue was going to press.



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