The ways in which perceptions of gender are shaped are direct reflections of the worldview and hence the ethos (system of values) of a particular culture. Worldview is seldom made explicit in terms of "do this" or "do that" but it is part of the common sense that undergirds the acceptable parameters of behaviors and ideals and that shapes the public languages and imagery of a culture. Worldviews provide the models of social expressions of values and aspirations when they foreground this or that type of figure: more or less militaristic, more or less self-centered, more masculine or more feminine, and so forth.



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