We read Frauen vor Flußlandschaft conscious that it is Böll's last novel, alert for ways it might function retrospectively to clarify our understanding of his art. One of these ways lies in the role violence plays in his works, specifically the way violence helps define the fascinating and elusive middle ground between order and anarchy to which Böll repeatedly returns and which configures his shrouded Rhenish landscape.
Cory, Mark E.
"Some Observations on the Role of Violence in the Late Prose of Heinrich Böll,"
University of Dayton Review: Vol. 19:
2, Article 3.
Available at: https://ecommons.udayton.edu/udr/vol19/iss2/3