In 1889 with her college friend, Ellen Gates Starr, Jane Addams opened "Hull House" on Chicago's Halsted Street, in an immigrant neighborhood of 18 nationalities. Reflecting on those early days, Addams remembered thinking that "… the mere foothold of a house, easily accessible, ample in space, hospitable, and tolerant in spirit … would be in itself a serviceable thing for Chicago. … Hull House was soberly opened on the theory that the dependence of classes on each other is reciprocal; and that as the social relation is essentially a reciprocal relation, it gives a form of expression that has peculiar value" (Addams 1912b, 55).



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