Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, (1563-1612) was the second son and political heir of Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I's chief advisor. Cecil became Principal Secretary of State late in Elizabeth's reign, 1596, and continued to hold office even after James I succeeded to the throne in 1603. Since the Principal Secretary's responsibilities included the Elizabethan equivalents of the Foreign Office, the Home Office, and the War Office, he was thus in a position of power and prominence in 1605, the year of the "Damnable Plot of the Powder Treason." His exact role in the affair is, however, still a matter for supposition.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.