More than 700 students submitted over 300 individual and team research projects to present at the annual Stander Symposium on April 22, 2021. Students chose to share their research in a variety of ways: downloadable posters and papers; live presentations on Zoom; recorded presentations; and safe-distance live presentations from front porches and other locations on campus. Browse the gallery below or search for specific research projects using the search function at the top left of the screen.
This gallery contains projects from the 2021 Stander Symposium by students, faculty and staff in the School of Education and Health Sciences.
Acknowledging the Past and the Present: Reckoning with Racism in Predominantly White Fraternities and Sororities
Predominantly White fraternities and sororities enjoy the past and present spoils of leadership, community, and scholarship while also holding onto past and present histories of racism and exclusion. As these organizations compile and explore such instances of racism, attention can be paid to their current constituents and their understanding and meaning-making of histories and contemporary instances of racism. This project seeks to address the following questions: (1) To what extent do current members of predominantly White fraternities and sororities’ understand racist pasts and presents, and how does that affect the meaning of their involvement? (2) How would they integrate such information into member education? I used qualitative research interviews with current members of predominantly White fraternities and sororities at various institutions. The results articulate meaning-making of the participating members and allow members to think critically about racism with regards to the fraternity/sorority community. This study has implications for better involving general membership in difficult conversations and acknowledging these organizations’ pasts to inform future work.
A Different World: National Climate and its Effects on Black Students Attending Predominantly White Institutions (PWI)
Many studies have examined the experiences of Black students at Predominantly White Institutions (PWI). However, few explore the impact of the national political and racial climate on the experiences of Black students at PWIs. This research study addresses the following questions: (1) How does the national climate affect the campus climate for Black students at a PWI? (2) How do Black students’ perceptions of police brutality shape their perceptions of campus climate? (3) How are Black students using engagement as a response to campus climate? In this phenomenological study, the researcher conducted interviews with Black undergraduate students from a private Midwest university. Results show that the cocurricular experiences of Black students and their perceptions of police are shaped by national events. This study has implications for the improvement of support and resources for Black students at Predominantly White Institutions.
Emily C. Hineline
There are many advantages and disadvantages to charter schools, and I will touch on a few of the main ones brought up today. The advantages and disadvantages present in education today include: what are charter schools, how they are funded, how they are different from the public, and what the benefits are of working in one? Throughout this presentation the key takeaways will be if charter schools are affecting other schools, are they hurting education as a whole and what exactly are they?
An Examination of Preservice and Early Career Teachers’ Perspectives on Preparation for Classroom Management
Joseph Earl Clements
Growing concern regarding the rising teacher attrition rates exists within the field of education. Research suggests the cause of this increasing phenomenon correlates to teachers’ competency revolving around classroom management instruction received within preservice teacher education programs. In an attempt to pinpoint the issue, this project sought to address the following questions: (1) To what extent are college and university teacher preparation programs providing students with the necessary tools to manage a classroom effectively? (2) Prior to entering the career field, what do preservice teachers require from their teaching preparation programs to possess classroom management competencies? Using a qualitative methods approach, the researcher performed interviews with five preservice teachers and five Early Career Teachers (ECTs). Results display that both preservice teachers and ECTs could benefit from explicit instruction in classroom management approaches, trauma-informed care, and intentional relationship building rooted in the social-emotional learning (SEL) approach. This study provides implications that can be used to reconfigure preservice teacher education program curriculums that better prepare students to transition into the workforce more smoothly, which may slow the rise of the teacher attrition rate.
Assessing the Knowledge, Dietary Intake, and Physical Activity of College Students Regarding Osteoporosis
Taylor Michelle Lackey, Madison Marie Millhouse, Holly Faith Nusser, Ashley Ray Wolf
Background: Osteoporosis, meaning “porous bone” is a bone disease which is characterized by bone loss and lack of bone production. Affecting approximately 53.6 million older adults in America, the prevalence of osteoporosis and low bone mass is a major concern and there is a large emphasis on prevention and management. Current research has shown that exercise and diet can impact the occurrence and progression of osteoporosis, especially in women. Resistance, impact and aerobic exercise have all shown to have a positive effect on bone health. Dietary nutrients such as calcium, vitamin D and protein can also positively impact bone health when used in combination. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between knowledge and behaviors surrounding the prevention of osteoporosis in both male and female college students. This study also aims to compare the results of the age, sex, major, grade, and personal or family history of bone-related disease/injury of the participants to determine if there are differences in awareness and/or action.Methodology: This study utilizes a cross sectional study design consisting of general questions as well as questions aimed at assessing knowledge, attitudes, and practices surrounding Osteoporosis. The Osteoporosis Knowledge Assessment Tool (OKAT), the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and a twenty-four hour food recall will be used for this study. Participants will be recruited from male and female undergraduate students at the University of Dayton aged 18-23 years. A regression model will be used to analyze the data and determine if exercise, dietary intake and the covariates described in the purpose can predict participants’ knowledge of osteoporosis. Results: The results of this study will be provided in the presentation.
Amber Lynn Marks, Julia Marie Muccio, Dana Katherine Roscoe
Blood pressure is the pressure of circulating blood against the walls of blood vessels pumped through the heart. Using a concept mapping technique, the purpose of this presentation is to outline micronutrients such as magnesium, potassium, calcium, and sodium and their impact on blood pressure. Further, we will discuss the interplay among the micronutrients and the impact of diet on blood pressure. For instance, diets adequate in magnesium, potassium and calcium are shown to positively impact blood pressure. However, the Western diet is often low in these minerals yet high in sodium possibly contributing to the high rate of hypertension in the US population.
Trevor Lance Burrola, Henry Martin Gerhardt, Taniayah La'Shae O'Quinn-Sims, Madeline G. Terzola
Adequate resources to promote health and well-being during the college experience is important to maintain mental and physical health. However, students may lack the means to utilize services or resources contributing to overall health and well-being while in college. The purpose of this research was to assess what health resources college students actually use and prioritize when accounting for their varying financial statuses. The design of this study was a cross-sectional study with University of Dayton students. The research team utilized Google Forms to distribute our survey to the UD students with the intent of creating a snowball effect to increase participation. The survey was administered to those in sororities, club sports teams, friends, and roommates of all undergraduate grade levels. Commuter students were excluded from the study due to these individuals having a different living situation than those living on-campus. To calculate our results, scores were computed for: financial status of students on campus, the prioritization of on-campus expenses by students, and knowledge/usage of available health resources. We used varying scales to assign point values to each answer. Bivariate correlations were used to examine the correlation between variables. The results of the study will be provided during the presentation.
Concussion Protocols Over the Years: How Has our Knowledge of Concussions Grown to Help Athletes in the Future
Molly E. Gates, Charles Scott Guggemos, Evan David Knight, John Christopher Miller, Rachel Ann Oldendorf, Shannon M. Theobald
Many athletes have suffered from concussions without any consideration or treatment. Athletes have been told to just "walk it off" rather than actually go through concussion testing and medical advice. Our presentation is focused on how athletes have been treated over the years looking at past concussion protocols to the most recent medical discoveries. We are speaking to past and present athletes as well as athletic trainers and athletic directors that span over 30 years to get a deeper understanding through first-hand experiences with concussions. Our goal is to highlight the progress and knowledge change on concussions over the years and bring awareness to the general public.
Julia Marie Muccio, Allison Connor Papesh, Anna Elizabeth Serey, Dominic Agostino Speights, Kaylie Hope VanDoren, Margaret Clare Walker
Our study aims to discover the effect of COVID-19 on the mental health of college freshmen and seniors at the University of Dayton. Through survey design, we explored mental health-related factors such as stress, academic performance, social well-being, anxiety, and overall well-being. We will explore how these factors have changed for students over the past year due to the COVID-19 pandemic and we expect to find different outcomes related to mental health across both groups. In order to combat the negative mental health consequences of COVID-19, higher education institutions must continue to focus on preserving the quality of life for their students during this unprecedented time.
Rebecca J. Barton, Alyssa R. Legarreta, Matthew Lee Rowan, Cathryn Ann Vandenbosch
Creatine is a well studied and utilized supplement within the athletic population. It has been associated with increased strength and power outputs, improving overall athletic performance. Additionally, research has suggested cognitive benefits, specifically in enhancing memory. The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of how students and athletes at the University of Dayton (UD) perceive creatine supplementation and its benefits. Participants will be recruited from the University of Dayton student population through email and messaging apps. This is a cross-sectional study, with goals to analyze prevalence of creatine use and attitudes. A survey will be sent to UD students discussing their perception of creatine, the cognitive benefits, and if they would be willing to take it under certain conditions. After analyzing the results, we aim to have a better understanding of creatine usage and associated attitudes in UD students.
Do Cognitively Stimulating Activities Benefit Brain Function of Individuals with Neurodegenerative Diseases?
Olivia Ann Defoggia, Caroline Elena Grace Frazee, Michelle Marie Greenwood, Nicole Marie Kozak
Studies have shown cognitively stimulating activities including puzzles and games are beneficial to individuals with neurodegenerative diseases. The studies concluded that cognitive functioning was improved with daily cognitive engagement that included different puzzle and game type interventions. The aim of our study is to find how interventions of brain training through cognitively stimulating activities could potentially increase cognitive function for those with family history of neurodegenerative diseases. At the beginning of our study, participants will take a six question questionnaire to determine whether they will be in the control or experimental group. Once the groups have been separated, each group will complete three pre-tests, a week of interventional brain stimulating games, and then a post-test to compare the results. The results of the pre and post tests are based upon time, while the results of the interventional aspect are a combination of time and highest level achieved. Results of the study will be given during the presentation.
Caroline G. Larkin, Eleni Papastratakos, Megan V. Petric, Cierra Danielle Sanders
Social media has become increasingly popular in today’s society, particularly among young adults. There has also been an increased effort to break the stigma surrounding social media usage and one’s health, both mental and physical. Current research provides information regarding mental health, physical well-being, and social media usage by undergraduate college students. However, there is a lack of research examining the impact of social media usage on the mental and physical well-being of undergraduate college students. In order to expand upon current research, we will evaluate the physical and mental variables through a cross-sectional study design that will measure individuals’ physical satisfaction, sleep, stress levels, and exercise activity. This Google Form questionnaire will be sent out to students from various schools within the University that have at least one social media account. Once data is collected, it will be analyzed using a multiple regression test. The results will be provided during our presentation at Stander Symposium.
Michele Margaret McDonald
Student affairs professionals (SAP) report incredibly high levels of burnout, with women burning out at disproportionately higher rates than men. Although there is an abundance of research about what causes work stress and burnout among women in the field, there has been less analysis on how female SAPs are dealing with stress to prevent burnout, as well as if they believe their coping strategies are helping or not. This study seeks to answer the following questions: (1) How are female SAPs navigating burnout in their professional lives? (2) How effective do female SAPs consider their stress-reducing and coping strategies to be? Using a constructivist phenomenological approach, I interviewed 11 female SAPs who have worked in the field for more than five years from a variety of institutional types, functional areas, and position levels. Data analysis shows that several of the most effective coping strategies include setting boundaries, exercise, and having a supportive supervisor; however, COVID has impacted many female SAPs’ ability to manage their stress and burnout. This study has implications for both current and future female SAPs to find effective and healthy ways to navigate burnout and work stress.
Morgaine F. Armstrong
This presentation seeks to explore the most effective teaching methods for allowing twice-exceptional learners to reach their full academic potential. What exactly is a twice-exceptional student? Twice-exceptional students, or “2e” students, have both gifted ability and disability. They have many strengths in one subject area, but learning or developmental difficulties in another. Examples could be children with autism, ADHD, dyslexia or any other condition that impairs learning. Despite the high number of children who could be considered 2e, school systems often struggle to properly identify and support these students. Through educational strategies such as team based instruction and an integrated curriculum, teacher’s can more easily accommodate the unique learning needs of every twice-exceptional learner.
Sarah M. Collins, Kiersten Michelle Duffy
Motor control can be divided between gross and fine motor skills, which are impacted by environmental and genetic influences. Although the population of interest was pilots, the subjects involved in the study were male and female college students. The aim of the study was to explore the impact of stress on motor control, and gain helpful physiological information to improve the performance of pilots. Both men and women were selected for the study, then completed three phases: familiarization, control, and experimental. The experimental trial included a cold pressor test (CPT). A CPT involves a participant placing their limb in a container of ice water, which acts as an acute physiological stress and activator for the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). The results between the three trials were measured and compared to determine a relationship between motor control and physiological stress.
Emily Frances Harnen, Allison J. Ladd, Emilia Jelski Porter
There are a number of individual and personal factors that contribute to poor body image and corresponding health-related behaviors. The influence of social media and Western culture on body image has been well examined; however, less is known about how the study of behavioral, dietary, and medical health interventions affects body image perception in health professionals. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation between taking health-related classes and personal behavior and body image perception among students at a 4-year university. We will recruit both male and female participants of sophomore standing or higher at the University of Dayton who were enrolled as full-time students taking undergraduate classes. First year and graduate students will be excluded from the study. This cross-sectional study will be conducted using a self-administered survey sent to undergraduate students via google forms. We referenced the previously validated Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire (BDDQ), Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI), and Body Image Avoidance Questionnaire (BIA-Q) in order to generate original questions for the study. The results from our questions will yield a body image score for each participant. This score will be used to run an independent t-test to compare body image perceptions between health majors and non-health majors.
Andrew John Sellers
Students with learning disabilities (LD) are required to self-identify at higher education institutions. This study sought to see how self-identification impacts the student’s perception of connection to their campus. Using a constructivist narrative approach, the researcher interview four students at a private midwestern institution whom had identified with the disability services office. The results of the study show that the LD student motivation for success overrode any perception of potential negative campus perception. This study provides implications in how students in learning disabilities perceive their campus connections.
Luke Kelly Knapke, Julianna D. Leonard, Will Stephen Majercak, Abigail R. Shahady, Ciara Ann White
The Department of Health and Sport Science has recently piloted a Nutrition, Fitness, and Injury Screening clinic to provide an experiential-learning opportunity for our student practitioners as well as important health-related data to the campus community. Within this program, clients are able to complete one or more of the following: nutritional consultations, health and skill related fitness testing, and injury screening. Here, we examine a variety of potential relationships between the numerous assessments that were performed. Specifically, we have explored questions both within each aspect of the clinic and several cross-disciplinary queries. Within the fitness testing protocols, we compared the multiple body composition and resting energy expenditure estimations and measurements that were made. Within the injury screening task, we assessed multiple measures of lower body coordination. With an interest in understanding how fitness measures may relate to and/or predict injury-risk, we also examined the relationship between: 1) balance and body composition; and, 2) lower body power and high-risk lower body coordination patterns. Our combined oral presentation will highlight our procedures and findings, as well as potential future investigations we are interested in pursuing.
Finding the Way: Identifying the Fine Line between Indoctrination and Education through the Sentiments of Students, Faculty, and Staff at Two Catholic Universities
When students are in the college search process, they look to many different resources to help them find the best fit, and for some, that includes prioritizing the campus’ faith traditions. For students who prioritize their Catholic faith, the seek to find a campus that fulfill that promise of cultivating the person to live life following the way of Christ and His teachings. Students, however, are not the only ones who become community members at Catholic institutions. Faculty and staff may also consider the faith identity of an institution when seeking employment to find what is best for themselves. In this research, students, faculty, and staff members across two institutions were interviewed in order to understand how the perceive the Catholic identity of their institutions. The findings from this study will contribute towards gaining a better understanding of Catholic identity at nominally Catholic higher education institutions. This study will likely encourage more discussion among various Catholic higher education actors.
Jairad Strait Hydrick
Existing research highlights the relationship between student engagement and student success and persistence; however, this relationship is predicated on the ability of students to freely engage with one another, which has not been the case during the COVID-19 pandemic. Colleges and universities and their campus activities programs have transitioned to offering virtual, hybrid, and in-person programs that limit peer-to-peer and peer-to-staff interaction, so as mitigate health and safety risks. These restrictions contradict what has been long understood to be “best practice.” In response, this study sought to understand (1) how first-year students are engaging, or not engaging, with campus activities programs; (2) how COVID-19 impacted students’ decision to engage and not engage; and (3) the impact on desired student engagement outcomes. Using a survey design, first-year students at private, Catholic institution in the Midwest were surveyed regarding their attitudes and experiences with COVID-19, engagement with campus activities programs, and achievement of desired outcomes. Results demonstrate that while students continued to engage in various campus activities programs, and felt safe doing so, COVID-19 impacted students’ decision how to engage. Additionally, most participants felt disconnected from their peers, more concerned for their mental health, and a decreased sense of belonging. This study has implications for understanding the needs of the first-year students, who are most vulnerable to attrition, whose transition has been significantly disrupted by COVID-19, as well as emerging scholarship on engaging students across multiple modalities.
Richard E. Holzheimer, Angelina Mae Loriso, Keiran Dolan Marvin, Makenna Delaney Ramsey
The use of different supplements to aid in recovery is widespread throughout the physically active collegiate population. While it is evident that collegiate athletes and active individuals often use various supplements to aid in recovery, it is still unclear what supplements are being used most often and are perceived as most beneficial. The purpose of this study is to look at the most common nutritional recovery strategies being used by collegiate athletes and active individuals. This research will be conducted using a cross-sectional study survey design. The participants of this study are University of Dayton students, ages 18-23, that participate in any of the division 1, club, or intramural sports, as well as individuals that exercise at least 3 times a week. In order to collect and measure data, a survey will be disseminated to UD athletes and active individuals to assess their current supplement intake in regard to recovery. The data will then be further examined using both a descriptive and chi-squared analysis to examine recovery to reasoning and recovery to effectiveness. Results will be presented during the presentation.
Nicole E. Rabas
Sports are important to many families and children. They help kids stay physically active, develop cognitively, showcase teamwork and leadership skills. These skills relate to how these children interact with schools. They have positive and negative experiences with coaches and new experiences just like they do in classrooms. Through this research, the connection is made between the impact of sports on youth development, their experiences in school, and the best way teachers can handle this information.
How Schools Can Help Students Who Experience Systemic Oppression be Successful in Achieving Their Dreams
Mary E. Horvath
Research shows that many students who experience poverty and systemic oppression also experience an opportunity gap in schools. Families are stuck in a cycle in which they do not obtain as many educational opportunities in school, therefore do not receive as many job opportunities, and then their children go through the same thing. Every child has big dreams so how can schools help those who are stuck in this cycle achieve them? One important factor is the teachers. Teachers who bear high expectations, obtain a close connection with their students, and have cultural knowledge can all greatly impact the students’ outcomes. Other significant factors include access to high-level courses, extracurriculars, integrated classrooms, and stability.
Cian J. Callahan
The Kettlebell swing is a complex, full-body exercise and can be difficult to perform correctly without coaching. This study aimed to assess the ankle, knee, and hip kinematic and kinetic adjustments with short-term practice, as evaluated by joint angles and joint work, in young adults when practicing the kettlebell swing without individualized external feedback. This evaluation would assist the development of effective and safe video instruction tools.Our experiment was conducted by having twelve young adults (7F/5M, 22.62 (2.04) years), with no prior practice of the exercise, perform three sets of 20 repetitions of the kettlebell swing. Their only instruction was from a freely available online video of a skilled individual performing the kettlebell swing and providing verbal instructions. Subjects then performed three sets of 20 repetitions each day for the following three days. On the fifth day, they were retested. Joint flexion and extension data was collected using a motion capture system by placing markers on the hips, thighs, knees, calves, and feet. The force acting on the body was assessed using a force plate.The results showed young adults made minimal adjustments of the ankle, knee, and hips joints from no practice to short term practice. At the start position, the knee and hip joints were less flexed during the short-term session compared to the no practice session. Furthermore, total lower body work and hip joint work decreased between sessions. Our results highlight the general tendencies of young adults to reduce lower body flexion and work less when learning the kettlebell swing through self-directed methods. These findings provide guidance to improve the potential effectiveness of instructional videos by highlighting the need for coaching cues focused on further flexing the hip joint at the start position and thrusting the hips forward throughout the upward swing.
Caitlin M. Crews
Co-teaching is a format that is becoming more common in everyday learning environments. Yet, co-teaching perceptions are often mixed in reviews. These studies discuss the many benefits and change in perceptions amongst teachers after training and implementing co-teaching in their classrooms.