From one point of view, art is a matter of influence and criticism, as Harold Bloom suggests in The Anxiety of Influence. Each poet, that is, each "maker," works under the influence of antecedent arts. In creating a new work, the artist reduces the parent work and expands it to a new meaning. As Bloom puts it, "The meaning of a poem can only be another poem," and the two poems are never the same. Every new poem, Bloom continues, is "misinterpretation, … is anxiety of influence, is misprision, is a disciplined perverseness," or, in other words, it is "contraction and expansion; for all the ratios of revision are contracting movements, yet making is an expansive one." Bloom's theory of poetry may aptly be applied to the making of literature into film.



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