JDE takes instances of plagiarism, copyright infringement, and other ethical breaches related to publication very seriously. The journal may use Similarity Check, a multi-publisher initiative, to selectively screen article submissions for originality. Similarity Check uses the iThenticate software, which checks submissions against millions of published research papers (the Similarity Check database), documents on the web, and other relevant sources. These submitted papers are not retained in the Similarity Check system after they have been checked. Read more at Crossref's Similarity Check & Researchers page. When ethical breaches related to publication occur, JDE reserves the right to take action including but not limited to the following: publishing a correction, retracting an article, or presenting the matter to relevant academic bodies or institutions.